Septic tanks are a viable solution for people whose homes are located in areas where connection to the mains sewerage isn't available. Septic tanks separate the sewage and 'grey' water that exits the home into solids, liquids and floatables. The heavy solids that settle on the bottom part of the tank are called sludge; the liquids that flow out of the tank into the drain field are called effluent; while the floatables, which comprise lighter-than-water substances such as fats, oils and grease, are called scum.
Being able to identify signs and symptoms of trouble with your septic tank system early enough is the best way to avoid costly repairs. Here is a breakdown of some top signs revealing that your septic tank may require urgent attention.
When sewage and 'grey' water is backing up into the home.
One of the most obvious signs of septic tank problems is when the sewage and wastewater that is supposed to exit your home through drainpipes and sewer lines ends up backing up into the home. This can happen at the toilet, bathtubs, sinks and other plumbing fixtures in your home. For the most part, this happens when there are blockages in the drainpipes and sewer lines connected to your house or when the septic tank is full to capacity. When the septic tank is full, homeowners can often smell a bad odour emanating from the tank. If the problem is not attended to post-haste, sewage may start overflowing both inside and outside the home. This will make the home a major health hazard.
When you start experiencing slow drains.
Another tell-tale sign that trouble could be brewing within your septic tank system is when you notice that your drains are flowing slower than usual. This is usually noticeable when flushing the toilet and when using sinks and bathtubs. Slow drains are normally caused by blockages in the plumbing system, so it is best to seek emergency plumbing service before things get out of hand. In most cases, slow drains are accompanied by a gurgling sound—the more reason for you to know that something is wrong with your septic tank system.
For septic tanks to keep working properly, they have to be routinely maintained and closely monitored. Never ignore any of the above signs if you want to keep your septic tank working properly for a long time. Remember, emergency plumbers are always on standby to come to your rescue.